About Chief Joseph:
Hear me, my chiefs! I am tired. My heart is sick and sad. From where the sun now stands, I will fight no more forever.
I saw that the war could not be prevented. The time had passed.
We did not know there were other people besides the Indian until about one hundred winters ago, when some men with white faces came to our country.
The first white men of your people who came to our country were named Lewis and Clark. They brought many things that our people had never seen. They talked straight. These men were very kind.
For a short time we lived quietly. But this could not last. White men had found gold in the mountains around the land of winding water.
We soon found that the white men were growing rich very fast, and were greedy.
We ask to be recognized as men.
I saw clearly that war was upon us when I learned that my young men had been secretly buying ammunition.
I would give up everything rather than have the blood of white men upon the hands of my people.
Our people could not talk with these white-faced men, but they used signs which all people understand.
When my young men began the killing, my heart was hurt.
If the white man wants to live in peace with the Indian he can live in peace.
We gave up some of our country to the white men, thinking that then we could have peace. We were mistaken. The white man would not let us alone.
I know that my race must change.
I only ask of the government to be treated as all other men are treated.
General Howard informed me, in a haughty spirit, that he would give my people 30 days to go back home, collect all their stock, and move onto the reservation.
My father... had sharper eyes than the rest of our people.
I pressed my father's hand and told him I would protect his grave with my life. My father smiled and passed away to the spirit land.
The earth is the mother of all people, and all people should have equal rights upon it.
I hope that no more groans of wounded men and women will ever go to the ear of the Great Spirit Chief above, and that all people may be one people.