About Cesare Beccaria:
Cesare Bonesana-Beccaria, Marquis of Gualdrasco and Villareggio is recognized as the most talented jurist and one of the greatest thinkers of the Enlightenment. He is best known for his treatise On Crimes and Punishments (1764), which condemned torture and the death penalty, and was a founding work in the field of penology and the Classical School of criminology. He promoted criminal justice.
For every crime that comes before him, a judge is required to complete a perfect syllogism in which the major premise must be the general law; the minor, the action that conforms or does not conform to the law; and the conclusion, acquittal or punish...Cesare Beccaria
When a fixed code of laws, which must be observed to the letter, leaves no further care to the judge than to examine the acts of citizens and to decide whether or not they conform to the law as written; then the standard of the just or the unjust, wh...Cesare Beccaria